The Farm contains 18 separate vineyard sites covering a wide range of soil types and aspect.   The Farm lies in a rain shadow at the foothills of the Pisa Range and the soils are predominately sourced from this ancient mountain range.  Each of the soils has an influence on the growth and flavour of the grapes.

In general terms, the vineyard soils can be divided into three categories.

In the upper slopes, Gravels dominate.  The free draining nature of this soil structure results in thicker skins and small berries, bright aromatic red fruit characters are found in the resulting wines.

Free draining loams in the middle blocks are our more consistently warmer and more protected sites. This results in bigger bunches, careful water management ensures we still have small berry intensity, these blocks provide mid palate weight in the wine

Lower blocks contain Tertiary glacial deposits. These soils are mixed – here clay fines are mixed with schist, quartz, manganite, on steep slopes. In wetter environs, clay soils with their higher water holding capacity can result in vigourous vines, in our dry climate the opposite is true. Compact soils resulted in a greater challenge during vine establishment, now at over a decade old the vines are starting to show fine and delicate tannins and strong structure, they are starting to express their potential after a decade and are now showing themselves to be exciting blocks.